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The individuals or groups who are making decisions.
The different actions that a player can choose from.
The outcomes of a game, often represented as a matrix showing the payoffs for each combination of strategies chosen by the players.
A set of strategies such that no player can benefit by changing their strategy, given the strategies of the other players.
A strategy that is always the best choice for a player, regardless of the strategies chosen by the other players.
A type of equilibrium in which each player's strategy is a best response to the strategies of the other players.
A strategy in which a player randomly chooses among a set of possible actions.